N900 GPS Reverse Engineering

(Packet Graph)
m (Reverted edits by 156.220.133.251 (Talk) to last revision by 151.50.238.193)
 
Line 5: Line 5:
  tcpdump -i phonet0 -s 0 -w phonet.cap
  tcpdump -i phonet0 -s 0 -w phonet.cap
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عملية تصحيح النظر بالليزر هو اجراء جراحى نقوم به لتحسين وتصحيح النظر مما يقلل من استخدام المريض للنظارات او العدسات اللاصقه
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== Packet Graph ==
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  [https://mshhor.com/%D8%B9%D9%85%D9%84%D9%8A%D8%A9-%D8%AA%D8%B5%D8%AD%D9%8A%D8%AD-%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%86%D8%B8%D8%B1-%D8%A8%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%84%D9%8A%D8%B2%D8%B1-2/ عملية تصحيح طول النظر بالليزر]
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  | 00000  00 92 01 00 00 00 00 xx  05 00 00 00 09 03 00 10
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          S------------------- T4  DL S-------------------
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| 00010  07 da 07 15 00 xx xx 00  xx xx 00 00 09 02 00 1c
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          S------------- TL TS --        S----------------
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| 00020  xx xx xx xx xx xx xx xx  00 00 xx xx 00 00 08 8b
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          DL---      DL--- TS    S----      S---- ^eph^
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| 00030  xx 00 xx xx xx xx xx xx  09 04 00 14 62 7e xx xx
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            S- DL TS---    DL MS  S---------- track SS---
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| 00040  xx xx 00 xx xx xx 00 xx  00 xx 00 00 09 05 00 74
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          DL--- S-    TL    S- DS  S- DS S------------- DL
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| 00050  09 00 00 00 00 02 xx xx  00 xx xx xx xx xx 00 00
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          DL S---------- T4--- MS  S- TS--- I  TS MI S----
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| 00060  00 04 xx xx xx xx xx xx  xx xx 00 00 00 xx xx xx
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          S- T4 T3 TS S- TL TS MS  TS MD S------- T4 TS---
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| 00070  00 xx xx xx xx xx 00 00  00 xx xx xx 00 03 xx xx
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          S- TS--- I  TS MS S-------- T3 MS MS S- DL TS MS
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| 00080  xx xx 00 00 00 xx xx xx  00 xx xx xx xx xx 00 00
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          TS MD S------- T3 TS MS  S- TS--- MS TS MI S----
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| 00090  00 xx xx xx 00 03 xx xx  xx xx 00 00 00 xx xx xx
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          S- TS------ S- DL TS MD  TS MS S------- TS SS+TS
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| 000a0  00 xx xx xx xx xx 00 00  00 xx xx xx 00 xx xx xx
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          S- TL TS MS TS MD S-------- TS------ S- TL TS MI
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| 000b0  xx xx 00 00 00 xx xx xx  00 xx xx xx xx xx 00 00
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          TS--- S------- TS--- MS  S- TS--- MI TS MS S----
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| 000c0  09 08 00 0c xx xx xx xx  xx xx xx xx
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          DL----------------------------------
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B9 BE 67 48 2D 08 AC 08 CC AF 0A EC 49 B5 C8 08 A8 0C 49 49 95 75 4C E8 8C 84 6B 8E EC 29 78 10 10 44 00 18 EF 8E EC 48 91 10 04 EA 18 EA 8E 8C A7 11 FE
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=== Key ===
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*S = Static, unchanging normally
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*MS = Mostly static, varying in value normally slightly
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*SS = Sometimes static, completely different values sometimes
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*I = Incrementing
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*MI = Incrementing, but not every packet
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*D = Decrementing
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*MD = Decrementing, but not every packet
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*TS = Time-sensitive; changes over (short) durations of time
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*TL = Time-sensitive, longer duration
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*T3 = "
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*T4 = ", overnight
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*DS = Distance-sensitive; changes over at least 30m distance
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*DL = Distance-sensitive, like across the world
== Packet Analysis ==
== Packet Analysis ==

Latest revision as of 13:46, 15 February 2022

acquire packets like:

strace -p $(pidof location-daemon) -e read=6 2>&1|grep '| 000'

alternatively you can capture them from the network interface, but this will include other modem information:

tcpdump -i phonet0 -s 0 -w phonet.cap

Contents

[edit] Packet Graph

| 00000  00 92 01 00 00 00 00 xx  05 00 00 00 09 03 00 10
         S------------------- T4  DL S-------------------
| 00010  07 da 07 15 00 xx xx 00  xx xx 00 00 09 02 00 1c
         S------------- TL TS --        S----------------
| 00020  xx xx xx xx xx xx xx xx  00 00 xx xx 00 00 08 8b
         DL---       DL--- TS     S----       S---- ^eph^
| 00030  xx 00 xx xx xx xx xx xx  09 04 00 14 62 7e xx xx
            S- DL TS---    DL MS  S---------- track SS---
| 00040  xx xx 00 xx xx xx 00 xx  00 xx 00 00 09 05 00 74
         DL--- S-    TL    S- DS  S- DS S------------- DL
| 00050  09 00 00 00 00 02 xx xx  00 xx xx xx xx xx 00 00
         DL S---------- T4--- MS  S- TS--- I  TS MI S----
| 00060  00 04 xx xx xx xx xx xx  xx xx 00 00 00 xx xx xx
         S- T4 T3 TS S- TL TS MS  TS MD S------- T4 TS---
| 00070  00 xx xx xx xx xx 00 00  00 xx xx xx 00 03 xx xx
         S- TS--- I  TS MS S-------- T3 MS MS S- DL TS MS
| 00080  xx xx 00 00 00 xx xx xx  00 xx xx xx xx xx 00 00
         TS MD S------- T3 TS MS  S- TS--- MS TS MI S----
| 00090  00 xx xx xx 00 03 xx xx  xx xx 00 00 00 xx xx xx
         S- TS------ S- DL TS MD  TS MS S------- TS SS+TS
| 000a0  00 xx xx xx xx xx 00 00  00 xx xx xx 00 xx xx xx
         S- TL TS MS TS MD S-------- TS------ S- TL TS MI
| 000b0  xx xx 00 00 00 xx xx xx  00 xx xx xx xx xx 00 00
         TS--- S------- TS--- MS  S- TS--- MI TS MS S----
| 000c0  09 08 00 0c xx xx xx xx  xx xx xx xx
         DL----------------------------------

B9 BE 67 48 2D 08 AC 08 CC AF 0A EC 49 B5 C8 08 A8 0C 49 49 95 75 4C E8 8C 84 6B 8E EC 29 78 10 10 44 00 18 EF 8E EC 48 91 10 04 EA 18 EA 8E 8C A7 11 FE

[edit] Key

  • S = Static, unchanging normally
  • MS = Mostly static, varying in value normally slightly
  • SS = Sometimes static, completely different values sometimes
  • I = Incrementing
  • MI = Incrementing, but not every packet
  • D = Decrementing
  • MD = Decrementing, but not every packet
  • TS = Time-sensitive; changes over (short) durations of time
  • TL = Time-sensitive, longer duration
  • T3 = "
  • T4 = ", overnight
  • DS = Distance-sensitive; changes over at least 30m distance
  • DL = Distance-sensitive, like across the world

[edit] Packet Analysis

  • ??? = mode: The mode of the fix
  • ??? = fields: A bitfield representing which items of this tuple contain valid data
  • 00 = ISI sequence ID (seems to be always 0 for GPS)
  • 01 = GPS Data Opcode (0x92)
  • 10,11 = time year
  • 12 = time month
  • 13 = time day
  • 15 = time hour
  • 16 = time minute
  • 18,19 = time seconds and milliseconds (in milliseconds)
  • 1a,1b = *probably* ept: Time accuracy, but *always* 0, so no way to verify
  • 20,21,22,23 = latitude / 360 * 256*256*256*256
  • 24,25,26,27 = longitude / 360 * 256*256*256*256
  • 28 =
  • 2b,2c = 0590-12a9 (hex)
  • 2e,2f = eph (cm)
  • 30 =
  • 32,33,,36,37 = altitude; ((p32;33) - (p36;37)) / 2 = meters
  • (34?,)35 = (double epv: Vertical position accuracy) * 2
  • 3c,3d = track: Direction of motion in hundredths of a degree
  • 3e,3f = epd: Track accuracy (in hundredths?)
  • 42,43 = speed, in centimetres per second
  • 44,45 = eps: speed accuracy, in centimetres per second
  • 46,47 = climb: Current rate of climb in cm/s
  • 48,4a = epc: Climb accuracy, in cm/s

[edit] Protocol Details

NOTE: I am counting octets based on zero.

The actual packets are comprised of "sub-packets". The overall packet has a 12 byte header. The number of sub-packets is located at octet 8 (and possibly little-endian extended to octet 11).

Each subpacket has a 4 byte header:

  • Octet 0 is always 9
  • Octet 1 is the subpacket type
  • Octet 2 is always 0
  • Octet 3 is the length of the subpacket (which includes the subpacket header itself)

Subpacket 2 contains position information:

  • Octets 0-3 are the latitude
  • Octets 4-7 are the longitude
  • Octets 12-15 are "eph" (in centimetres)
  • Octets 18-23 are the altitude (and accuracy information)

Subpacket 3 contains date and time information:

  • Octets 0-1 are the year
  • Octet 2 is the month
  • Octet 3 is the day of month
  • Octet 5 is the hour
  • Octet 6 is the minute
  • Octets 8-9 are milliseconds (including seconds)
  • Octets 10-11 are the time accuracy

Subpacket 4 contains information on track, speed, and climb:

  • Octets 0-1 are track (direction of motion) in cm/sec
  • Octets 2-3 are the track accuracy
  • Octets 6-7 are the speed in cm/sec
  • Octets 8-9 are speed accuracy
  • Octets 8-11 are climb in cm/sec
  • Octets 12-13 are climb accuracy

Subpacket 5 contains satellite information:

  • Octet 0 is the number of sats visible
  • Beginning with octet 8, there are series of 12-octet info for each sat visible:
    • Octet 1 is the PRN
    • Octet 2 is 1 if the sat is being used, and 0 otherwise
    • Octets 3-4 are the signal strength
    • Octets 6-7 are the elevation
    • Octets 8-9 are the azimuth

Subpacket 7 contains information on the GSM cellular network:

    • Octets 0-1 contain the Mobile Country Code
    • Octets 2-3 contain the Mobile Network Code
    • Octets 4-5 contain the Location Area Code
    • Octets 6-7 contain the Cell ID

Subpacket 8 contains information on the WCDMA cellular network:

    • Octets 0-1 contain the Mobile Country Code
    • Octets 2-3 contain the Mobile Network Code
    • Octets 4-7 contain the UC ID

[edit] Wireshark

Sebastian Reichel writes a lowlevel library to access the N900's modem features and a wireshark plugin to analyze the packages. The information from above is currently only included in the Wireshark Plugin:

Luke Dashjr wrote small program in C which show GPS data from phonet modem stack.